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Excessive packaging of alcoholic beverages urgently needs to be standardized

During the NPC and CPPCC sessions, the issue of liquor packaging again attracted the attention of delegates and members. Wang Jianwei, deputy of the National People's Congress of Anhui delegation, Secretary of the Party Committee of Xiaokeng Village, Meicun Town, Guichi District, Chizhou City, and director of the village committee, suggested that the current situation of excessive liquor packaging should be changed. At the same time, for the sake of saving resources and food safety, ceramic bottles could be prohibited from being used as liquor packaging, and glass bottles could be used uniformly. There are different opinions on this proposal in the industry at present. Experts believe that the liquor industry does exist the problem of over-packaging, and the key is the establishment and supervision of food-grade packaging standards.

Voice of the two sessions

Over-packaging of alcoholic drinks

"The amount of packaging garbage produced by such a huge volume of production and marketing is astonishing. At present, there is no detailed and accurate investigation and statistics on the non-recyclable packaging garbage produced by alcohol consumption in one year in China by relevant institutions and authorities. "During the two sessions, Wang Jianwei, deputy of the National People's Congress, submitted the Recommendation on Prohibiting (Restricting) the Use of Ceramics as Packaging Vessels for Alcohol Beverages. He had investigated the packaging situation of local liquor, and found that most of middle and high-end liquor were packaged in three layers, while most of low-end liquor were packaged in one or two layers.

In addition to the problem of excessive packaging of liquor, Wang Jianwei also found that most of the materials used in the first layer of liquor packaging were glass and ceramic products, of which glass products accounted for more than 60%, ceramics, metals and other packaging materials accounted for about 40%.

"According to the annual sales volume of Chinese liquor in 2015, 12.788 million litres and 0.5 litres were sold as a packaging unit, about 10.2 billion packaging garbage of liquor ceramics were produced in China in a year. "Wang Jianwei believes that ceramic utensils can not be recycled and reused, but can only be abandoned landfill, resulting in a huge waste of land resources and labor costs.

To this end, he suggested that as soon as possible to formulate national standards for liquor industry packaging, scientific and rational standardization of liquor industry packaging.

It is advocated that glass containers should be used as the first layer packaging containers for liquor, and ceramics should not be used as packaging containers for liquor beverages. "The chemical composition of glass is mainly silicate. Its chemical properties are very stable and it will not be corroded by acidic food such as alcohol. In addition, glass products can be recycled and reused, effectively saving resource consumption. "

He also said that according to relevant information, lead and other heavy metals in ceramics are relatively high. If ceramics are used as packaging containers for acidic foods such as liquor, excessive lead may leach out and lead poisoning may occur.

Extended attention

Excessive packaging of liquor deviates from the essence of consumption

According to data from China Business Intelligence website, the per capita consumption of spirits in China is 4.34 liters, which is higher than the world average. According to the data from the China Business Industry Research Institute, the output of Chinese liquor will exceed 14 million litres in 2017.

In response to Wang Jianwei's mention of excessive packaging of liquor products, a recent visit to the liquor market by Beijing News reporters found that more than half of liquor packages were 2-3 layers, while most middle and high-end liquor packages were 3 layers, namely glass or ceramic bottles, carton packaging and accompanying handbags. Among them, Wuliangye, Fenjiu, Luzhou Laojiao, Niulanshan, Hongxing Erguotou and other brands have ceramic bottle products on sale. In addition, a small number of low-end liquor also introduced plastic barrel packaging.

Several salesmen introduced that under the same price situation, wine parties with layers of exquisite packaging were more popular than bare bottles and ordinary wine packages.

For the phenomenon of excessive packaging, a person in charge of a liquor company said that this mainly stems from the implicit demand of consumers for "Face-saving". As consumption gradually returns to rationality, enterprises will gradually eliminate excessive packaging.

Cai Xuefei, an expert in liquor industry, believes that there is indeed an over-packaging situation in liquor, and it is becoming more and more rampant. China's liquor innovation ability is weak, homogeneity is serious, many non-well-known liquor enterprises are trying to enhance the sense of value through packaging, resulting in innovation completely focused on the packaging level, deviating from the essence of consumption. To change this situation, first of all, liquor enterprises should strengthen the innovation of liquor quality and taste, secondly, strengthen consumers'awareness of healthy drinking, and finally, standardize it at the industry level.

Experts call for the establishment of food-grade wine bottle packaging standards

Cai Xuefei, an expert in liquor industry, believes that the unified use of glass containers may weaken the diversity of liquor in China and to a certain extent is not conducive to the development of liquor industry. "Instead of discussing unified containers, it is better to solve the problem of innovative use of ceramic materials. "

Jiang Zhuoqin, deputy director of the Institute of Preventive Medicine of Sun Yat-sen University and director of the Department of Nutrition of the School of Public Health, also said in an interview with the Beijing News that it was impossible to ban all kinds of ceramic packaging. "Glass products, like ceramics, are likely to have food safety risks due to excessive heavy metals in raw materials. The key is to control the quality of raw materials and production process of packaging containers. At present, China has not yet established standards for food-grade ceramics and glass bottles. In order to ensure food safety, relevant standards should be established as soon as possible, and the production of these packaging should be strictly monitored. "